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What is Dyslexia?

The word 'dyslexia' comes from the Greek and means 'difficulty with words'.

Definition: Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which is neurobiological in origin and persists across the lifespan.

It is characterised by difficulties with phonological processing, rapid naming, working memory, processing speed and the automatic development of skills that are unexpected in relation to an individual's other cognitive abilities.

These processing difficulties can undermine the acquisition of literacy and numeracy skills, as well as musical notation, and have an effect on verbal communication, organisation and adaptation to change.

Their impact can be mitigated by correct teaching, strategy development and the use of information technology.

Difficulties and Strengths

Possible difficulties

  • Reading hesitantly
  • Misreading, making understanding difficult
  • Difficulty with sequences, e.g. getting dates in order
  • Poor organisation or time management
  • Difficulty organising thoughts clearly
  • Erratic spelling

Possible strengths

  • Innovative thinkers
  • Excellent trouble shooters
  • Intuitive problem solving
  • Creative in many different ways
  • Lateral thinkers